Fire Instructor I
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Poinciana, Florida Live-Fire Training Deaths — July, 2002
Lt. John Mickel and
Dallas Begg Act
NIOSH Report, 2002-34
Florida State Fire Marshal Report
Deaths and Injuries to Fire Fighters during Live-Fire Training in
Acquired Structures, CDC Workplace Solutions — November, 2004
Links to Instructor Resources
Training Officers Association
of Fire Prevention & Control
Fire and Rescue Institute Drill of the Month
Weekly Fire Drills
Lt. John Mickel and Dallas Begg Act
Florida Law Adopts NFPA 1403 for All Live-Fire
Motivated by the deaths of three firefighters in two separate live-fire
training incidents, the Florida State Fire Marshal’s office
successfully gained legislative support for a bill designed to mandate
safe live-fire training. On June 1, 2005, Governor Jeb Bush signed
HB 69 into law as the Lt. John Mickel and Dallas Begg Act, effective
January 1, 2007. The act is named for two Oceola County firefighters
who died in a training incident in 2002.
The Mickel/Begg Act mandates that NFPA 1403, Standard on Live
Fire Training Evolutions (2002), must be complied with at all
live-fire exercises. Live-fire facilities must meet NFPA 1403 requirements
before any live-fire training. Live-fire training must occur at
state-certified training centers (including burn buildings and props)
that are compliant with NFPA 1403 and NFPA 1402, Guide to Building
Fire Service Training Centers (2002). Acquired structures must
also be NFPA 1403 compliant. Additional requirements include using
thermal imaging, ensuring prop maintenance and safety, using Class
A burn props, establishing a rapid intervention team (RIT) during
training, ensuring the ability for fast prop venting, and ensuring
NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and
Health Program (2002), compliance.
Beginning January 1, 2007, a certified live-fire instructor must
be present at all live-fire training events. A 40-hour certification
program for live-fire instructor (Level I instructor prerequisite)
will begin in July 2005. To certify, instructors must pass a pretest
by 80 percent and a final posttest by 100 percent (mastery). Unfortunately,
this Act does not apply to industrial fire brigade training (NFPA
600, Standard on Industrial Fire Brigades, 2005). Virginia
also has begun a NFPA 1403 compliance-training program for instructors.
For additional information on the process used to initiate the
legislation, contact Elias “Buck” Tomlinson, Instructor,
State Fire Marshal, Bureau of Fire Standards and Training, at 352.369.2845.
For information on the certification program, contact Jeremy Donovan,
Director, or George Mullins, Program Manager, Central Florida Fire
Academy, at 407.855.3281. Information on the two training incidents
may be found on the Centers for Disease Control (National Institute
for Occupational Safety and Health [NIOSH]) web site under Mickel/Begg
and Port Everglades (Wayne Mitchell).
The enactment of this law is an example of how the fire service
can influence the legislative process for the improvement of firefighter
safety. It should be a model for other states, provinces, or local
authorities as a means for preventing unnecessary fatalities and
Speaking of Fire, Winter 2006.
2005 Florida Statutes
Title XXXVII Insurance
Chapter 633 FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL
633.821 Workplace safety.--
(2) The division shall have the authority to adopt rules for the purpose
of ensuring safe working conditions for all firefighter employees by authorizing
the enforcement of effective standards, by assisting and encouraging firefighter
employers to maintain safe working conditions, and by providing for education
and training in the field of safety. Specifically, the division may by
rule adopt all or any part of subparts C through T and subpart Z of 29
C.F.R. s. 1910, as revised April 8, 1998; the National Fire Protection
Association, Inc., Standard 1500, paragraph 5-7 (Personal Alert Safety
System) (1992 edition); the National Fire Protection Association, Inc.,
Publication 1403, Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions (latest edition),
as limited by subsection (6); and ANSI A 10.4-1990.
. . .
(6)(a) The division shall adopt rules for live fire training that all
firefighters subject to this chapter must complete. The division shall
also adopt rules for a training and certification process for live fire
(b) Such rules for training shall include:
1. Sections of the most current edition of the National Fire Protection
Association, Inc., Publication 1402, Guide to Building Fire Service
Training Centers, relating to establishing policies and procedures for
effective use of such permanent facilities or structures.
2. Sections of the most current edition of the National Fire Protection
Association, Inc., Publication 1403, Standard on Live Fire Training
Evolutions, excluding, however:
a. Any chapter entitled "Referenced Publications."
b. References to the National Fire Protection Association, Inc.,
Publication 1975, Station Uniform.
c. The National Fire Protection Association, Inc., Publication 1001,
or any references to such publication in the National Fire Protection
Association, Inc., Publication 1975.
d. Any reference to an authority having jurisdiction in the National
Fire Protection Association, Inc., Publication 1403, defined as the
organization, office, or individual responsible for approving equipment,
materials, installations, and procedures.
3. A 40-hour training program for live fire training instructors, including:
a. Live fire instructional techniques.
b. Training safety in acquired or permanent facilities or props.
c. Personnel safety.
d. Exterior props, including, but not limited to, liquid petroleum
gas, other liquid fuels, and similar props.
(c) The rules, excluding those pertaining to live fire training instructor
certification, shall take effect no later than January 1, 2006.
(d) Each live fire training instructor is required to be state certified.
All live fire training commenced on and after January 1, 2007, must be
conducted by a certified live fire training instructor.
(e) This subsection does not apply to wildland or prescribed live fire
training exercises sanctioned by the Division of Forestry of the Department
of Agriculture and Consumer Services or the National Wildfire Coordinating